Brazil-India-US technological learning - machine tools

TCLab's new postdoctoral scholar Jose Ribiero and Smita Srinivas are building a program on how technological learning is manifested in three countries. We know that economic growth and concerns of employment are both linked to technological learning, but we have some hunches about why economic theory doesn't take us far enough in appreciating why the links between industry and agriculture manifest in particular ways.

The study at the first stage is centered on the machine tools sector. Why machine tools? No country yet has industrialized without some capability in it. At the same time, the technological learning embedded in this sector travels unevenly across industry and agriculture and across urban and rural areas. We know that India, Brazil, and the US -all of which have dynamic machine tools capability-see very different outcomes of its use in agriculture and industry. With the help of M.S. candidates Christine Hui Wen and Jessica George, we are building a composite picture of productivity changes and learning prospects using engines and gear boxes in tractors and irrigation systems for instance to understand how sub-sectors of the economy are changing. Many influential studies have shown us how learning can boost both industry and agriculture. We want to study the mechanisms that connect capabilities and products to sectors and regions. It's early days yet in the project

Related Content

Economics is growing pluralist again. Student protests since about 2013 are growing, furthering this trend. Professors have joined in (not all of them, of course). Economists of different methods and historical and theoretical approaches are acknowledging the importance of co-existence.

This past three years, TCLab-related research has expanded, especially on the economics of innovation and technological learning in agriculture, the health industry, and in urbanization.

In 2014, TCLab research was presented by TCLab Visiting Fellow Jose Eustaquio Vieira Filho at the Globelics conference on the economics of innovation in Addis Ababa.

In 2015, Srinivas and TCLab Visiting Fellow Filho's early paper was published by IPEA, the Institute for Applied Economics Research

A new report

from the Information Technology and Innovation Foundation published in the Christian Science Monitor analyzes the US labor market from 1850 to the present and finds that we are in an era of unprecedented calm. And that's not good.

.

 

 

 

Farm versus Firm? Analyzing the institutional questions of Arthur Lewis (shown) and Hayami and Ruttan (1985) at Globelics 2014, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.