Globelics In Cuba

Innovation to reduce poverty and inequalities for inclusive and sustainable development

The 13th Globelics International Conference hosted by the Ministry of Higher Education of Cuba, the University of Havana, the Higher Institute of Technologies and Applied Sciences (InSTEC) and the Ministry of Science and Technology of Cuba, in Havana from September 23rd to 25th 2015.

Like previous Globelics Conferences, this conference intends  brought together scholars from different disciplines to enhance the quality of innovation studies in relation to development and growth in the context of globalization and accelerating pace of change. The conference will combine presentation of research papers in parallel tracks with poster presentation, panel discussions and plenary lectures.

This year’s key note lectures were given by the world leading scholar on innovation and development, Richard R. Nelson from Columbia University (the 2015 Freeman Lecture) and Executive Director at Colombian Observatory of Science and Technology, Monica Salazar (the 2015 Globelics Lecture).

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With some two-thirds of India’s GDP coming from the urban areas, cities are the driving force of the country’s economy. This trend is set to increase as the country undergoes a massive urban transformation where, within a span of thirty years, its urban population is expected to double - from 288 million in 2000 to 590 million by 2030 – making up some 40 percent of India’s people. How India manages this urbanization - the second largest in the world after China’s - will largely determine the shape of the future for its more than a billion people.

 

 

This article argues that the technological innovation is a contextual process whose relevance should be assessed depending on the socio-economic condition it is embedded in. Without this, technology-led economic policies (of Catch-Up varieties) are unlikely to meet the needs of most people, especially in countries where innovation and poverty reside side by side. We analyze micro-level account of the cognitive and socio-economic context within which innovations arise and argue that a process of real importance is being sidelined: the ability to innovate under 'scarcity' conditions.

Countries are unlikely to solve a particular problem unless they have some level of research invested in the effort. The approach in this paper is to use malaria research as a proxy for effective exploitation of local scientific knowledge. We study the malaria-related research output in two countries, Brazil and India, with among the most advanced science and pharmaceutical capabilities in the developing world. We assess local relevance of science and also its integration with international research by looking at almost 60 years of scientific publications on malaria between 1945-2003.

Whose innovations? At what cost? The Innovation, Knowledge, and Development (IKD) Research Center had organized "Innovating for Local Health: Addressing Local Needs in a Globalised Context" on 25th April 2014 Milton Keynes.