Making Medicines in Africa

The Necessary Elements of African Health and Health Industries.

Mackintosh, Banda, Tibandebage and Wame (Eds) and Chapter authors discuss the complexities and necessary conditions for better health for Africans.

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The C40 research blog lists city finalists. Cities were assessed in categories from waste management to renewables, mobility to greener buildings.

This is a controversial and troubling question for nations and citizens (especially if they are feeling insecure). But daily reality brings more important questions than this: the need to find food, shelter, and preserve or improve one’s health. “Development” in the abstract is a little distracting if it doesn’t speak directly to these essential concerns. Are developed societies those with healthy citizens and residents?

Countries are unlikely to solve a particular problem unless they have some level of research invested in the effort. The approach in this paper is to use malaria research as a proxy for effective exploitation of local scientific knowledge. We study the malaria-related research output in two countries, Brazil and India, with among the most advanced science and pharmaceutical capabilities in the developing world. We assess local relevance of science and also its integration with international research by looking at almost 60 years of scientific publications on malaria between 1945-2003.

Read this! An excellent history of thought with careful elaboration. Brette, Olivier; Lazaric, Nathalie; da Silva, Victor Vieira. (2017) Habit, Decision-Making, and Rationality: Comparing Thorstein Veblen and Early Herbert Simon, Journal of Economic Issues Vol. 51 Issue 3, p567-587.